Older boom: differences, processes and response policies in selected developing and developed countries

Mahmoud Moshfegh, Population Studies and Research Center for Asia and the Pacific
Mohammad Javad Mahmoudi, Population Studies and Research Center for Asia and the Pacific
Shahla Kazemipour Sabet, Population Studies and Research Center for Asia and the Pacific
Ghorban Hosseni, Population Studies and Research Center for Asia and the Pacific

If The late nineteenth and the twentieth century, was " Era of Baby Boom" In many developing and developed countries, the twenty-first century, will be " Era of Older Boom". As the era of baby boom had its own spicial callenges and problems, the older boom will have its own specific issues. This paper review and analysis the levels and trends of ageing indexes(Ageing index, potential support Ratio, older age dependency ratio and …) in selected developing countries including Pakistan, Turkey, South Korea, Egypt, and the developed countries including Japan, Britain, France and Germany. In this paper will be assessed the pace of intering in levels of ageing, encluding: Ageing society: 7–14 per cent of the population are 65 years or older.older, Aged society: 14–21 per cent of the population are 65 years or older and Hyper-aged society: 21 percent or more of the population are 65 years or older. Then each of the countries' policy responses will be evaluated at each stage. Polices is classified to demographic, social, economic policies. Some Results show For the Euorpian developed countries to go from first to second stage lasts an average of 50 years and for transfor from second to third stage lasts an avrage 43 years. In contrast,For developing countries South Korea, Iran and Turkey to go from first to second stage lasts an average of 15 years and for transfor from second to third stage lasts an avrage 9 years. This difference is certainly due to differences in the fertility transition. Developing countries that are pioneer in the fetility transition, should more quickly prepare themselves to meet the needs of elderly. Some Govenments of developing countries such as Turkey, Iran and south korea have sugested some programs aspacially to increase fertility level.

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Presented in Poster Session 2

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